Tax Residency Certificate (TRC) UAE

Tax Residency Certificate (TRC) UAE

What is a UAE Tax Residency Certificate (TRC) ?

A UAE Tax Residency Certificate (UAE TRC) issued by Federal Tax Authority (FTA) document proving your tax residency in the UAE. It allows you to claim benefits under the UAE’s Double Taxation Avoidance Agreements (DTAs) to prevent paying taxes twice on the same income. The UAE’s Federal Tax Authority (FTA) is the governing body responsible for issuing Tax Residency Certificates (TRCs).

TRC-SAMPLE tax residency certificate in uae

What are the benefits of Tax Residency Certificate (TRC) ?

Benefits of Obtaining a UAE Tax Residency Certificate ( TRC)
  • Avoid double taxation: Claim tax treaty benefits on income earned in the UAE or the other treaty country.
  • Reduced tax burden: Potentially eliminates income taxes for businesses and individuals.
  • Simplified trade: Facilitates smoother import-export processes by avoiding additional taxes.
  • Enhanced Legal and Tax Credibility: The UAE TRC serves as valid documentation of your tax residency status in the UAE. This strengthens your credibility with business partners, financial institutions, and government authorities.

The eligibility criteria for obtaining a Tax Residency Certificate (TRC) depend on your category:

To qualify for tax residency in UAE To qualify for a UAE TRC, the FTA looks at the following key factors:

  • Individuals:
    • Residency Permits: Holding a valid UAE residence visa for a specific period (typically 180-183 days).A travel report, showing your entry and exit dates,might be required and can serve alongside other documents.This is usually determined by factors like your primary place of residence, center of financial interests, and physical presence in the UAE.
    • Visa Types
    • Physical Presence
  • Companies:
    • Place of Incorporation: The company must be registered and established in the UAE.
    • Place of Management: The company’s central management and control should be exercised from within the UAE.

how to apply for tax residency certificate in uae

A Tax Residency Certificate (TRC) is an official document issued by the UAE’s Federal Tax Authority (FTA) that proves you are a taxpayer resident in the UAE. This certificate is mandatory for anyone wanting to avoid double taxation under the UAE’s Double Taxation Avoidance Agreements (DTAAs). Here is Tax Residency Certificate (UAE TRC ) application process
Step-by-Step Guide to Obtaining Your Tax Residency Certificate UAE (TRC UAE)
  • Individuals:
    • Passport, UAE residence visa, and Emirates ID.
    • Certified copy of residential lease agreement (Ejari).
    • Entry and exit report from GDRFA.
    • Proof of income (salary certificate, trade license, etc.)
    • Bank statements for the past 6 months.
  • Companies:
    • Trade license
    • Memorandum of Association (MoA)
    • Passports, IDs, and residence permits of shareholders/directors
    • Audited financial statements or 6-month bank statements
    • Company organizational structure (if applicable)
  • Fill out the online form carefully.
  • Ensure all information is accurate.
  • Upload required documents in PDF or JPEG format.
  • The application fee is currently AED 100 + AED 3.
  • Submit payment through the secure e-Dirham gateway.
  • The FTA will review your application.
  • Upon approval (typically within 5-7 business days), you’ll receive a fee payment request (AED 2,000 + AED 3).
  • Once payment is made, your UAE Tax Residency Certificate (UAE TRC) will be issued and emailed to you.

Double Taxation Avoidance Agreements (DTAs)

The UAE has a growing network of DTAs with numerous countries designed to prevent you or your business from paying taxes twice on the same income. These agreements typically outline:
Taxable Income

Categories of income subject to taxation in each country.

Tax Rates

Applicable tax rates on different income types under the DTA provisions.

Tax Relief Mechanisms

Methods to eliminate or reduce double taxation, such as tax credits or exemptions.

Validity of UAE Tax Residency Certificate (TRC)

The standard validity period for a UAE Tax Residency Certificate (TRC) is one year from the date of issuance. After one year you will need to renew your UAE Tax Residency Certificate (TRC) to continue enjoying the benefits of Double Taxation Agreements, you must apply for a renewal before your current TRC expires. The renewal process typically involves re-submitting documentation to confirm your continued tax residency status.

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    No, a UAE TRC is only valid for claiming benefits under Double Taxation Agreements (DTAs) signed by the UAE with specific countries. Some of these countries include:

    Albania, Algeria, Armenia, Austria, Azerbaijan, Belgium, Canada, China, Egypt, Finland, Germany, India, Japan, Kazakhstan, Malaysia, Mexico, Netherlands, New Zealand, Saudi Arabia, Singapore, South Korea, Switzerland, Turkiye, United Kingdom, United States, Portugal It is always best to check with the Federal Tax Authority website for the latest information on DTAs

    The FTA processes Tax Residency Certificate (TRC) applications as quickly as possible. Typically you can expect to receive your TRC within 5-7 business days after your application is approved. However, processing time may occasionally be longer depending on the complexity of your case or if the FTA requests additional documentation.
    A UAE TRC is proof that you are a tax resident of the UAE, allowing you to claim benefits under Double Taxation Agreements. Tax exemption certificates are typically issued to offshore companies, which do not qualify for TRCs. These certificates exempt the company from certain UAE taxes.
    Yes. The FTA charges an application fee (currently AED 100 + AED 3) and an issuance fee (currently AED 2,000 + AED 3) for each TRC.UAE Tax Residency Certificate is sometimes referred to as a “TRC Dubai” because Dubai is a major commercial hub within the UAE. However, TRCs obtained in the UAE are valid throughout the entire country.